Finland

High Coast / Kvarken Archipelago (2000)

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A¬†massive thanks to Annu from Finland for helping me to complete my Finland’s UNESCO world heritage sites ūüėÄ ‚̧

The High Coast¬†(Swedish:¬†H√∂ga kusten) is a part of the¬†coast¬†of¬†Sweden¬†on the¬†Gulf of Bothnia, situated in the municipalities of¬†Kramfors,¬†H√§rn√∂sand¬†and¬†√Ėrnsk√∂ldsvik¬†and notable as a type area for research on¬†post-glacial rebound¬†and¬†eustacy, in which the land rises as the weight of the¬†glaciers¬†melts off of it. This phenomenon was first recognised and studied there; since the last¬†ice age¬†the land has risen 800 m, which accounts for the unusual landscape with tall cliff formations. The High Coast is part of the Swedish/Finnish¬†High Coast/Kvarken Archipelago¬†world heritage site (the High Coast was extended with FinnishKvarken¬†areas in 2006).

UNESCO, while inscribing the area on the¬†World Heritage List¬†in 2000, remarked that “the High Coast site affords outstanding opportunities for the understanding of the important processes that formed the¬†glaciated¬†and land¬†uplift¬†areas of the Earth’s surface”.

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Verla Groundwood and Board Mill (1996)

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Thanks to Annu again from Finland.

Verla at Jaala, Kouvola, Finland, is a well preserved 19th century mill village and a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1996. The first groundwood mill at Verla was founded in 1872 by Hugo Nauman but was destroyed by fire in 1876. A larger groundwood and board mill, founded in 1882 by Gottlieb Kreidl and Louis Haenel, continued to operate until 1964.

The historical paper mill turned museum of board mill technology. The historical machines were preserved in their places (except for several pieces brought from other buildings), so a guided tour to the mill follows the technological process from timber cutting and pulp production to board drying, sorting, and packing.

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Struve Geodetic Arc (2005)

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Thanks to Annu from Finland.

The Struve Geodetic Arc is a chain of survey triangulations stretching from Hammerfest in Norway to the Black Sea, through ten countries and over 2,820 km, which yielded the first accurate measurement of a meridian.

In 2005, the chain was inscribed on the World Heritage List as a memorable ensemble of the chain made up of 34 commemorative plaques or built obelisks out of the original 265 main station points which are marked by drilled holes in rock, iron crosses, cairns, others.[1]

Measurement of the triangulation chain comprises 258 main triangles and 265 geodetic vertices. The northernmost point is located near Hammerfest in Norway and the southernmost point near the Black Sea in Ukraine. This inscription is located in ten countries, the most of any UNESCO World Heritage.

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Pet√§j√§vesi Old Church (1994)

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Many thanks to Annu from Finland ūüėÄ

The Petäjävesi Old Church (Finnish: Petäjäveden vanha kirkko) is a wooden church located in Petäjävesi, Finland. It was built between 1763 and 1765, when Tavastia was still a part of Sweden. The bell tower was built in 1821. It was inscribed in 1994 on the UNESCO World Heritage List.

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Old Rauma (1991)

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Another UNESCO WHS from Finland, Thanks Annu again !

Old Rauma (Finnish: Vanha Rauma, Swedish: Gamla Raumo) is the wooden city centre of the town of Rauma, Finland. It is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

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Fortress of Suomenlinna (1991)

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Thanks again to Annu from Finland.

Suomenlinna, until 1918 Viapori (Finnish), or Sveaborg (Swedish), is an inhabited sea fortress built on six islands (Kustaanmiekka, Susisaari, Iso-Mustasaari, Pikku-Mustasaari, Länsi-Mustasaari and Långören) and which now forms part of the city of Helsinki, thecapital of Finland.

Suomenlinna is a UNESCO World Heritage site and popular with tourists and locals, who enjoy it as a picturesque picnic site. Originally named Sveaborg (Fortress of Svea), or Viapori as called by Finnish-speaking Finns, it was renamed Suomenlinna (Castle of Finland) in 1918 for patriotic and nationalistic reasons, though it is sometimes known by its original name.

 

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Bronze Age Burial Site of Sammallahdenmäki (1999)

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Thanks to Annu from Finland

Sammallahdenmäki is a Bronze age burial site in Finland in Lappi municipality. It was designated by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site in 1999, and includes 36 granite burial cairns dating back more than 3,000 years, to 1,500 to 500 BC. It is located on a hill in a remote area off the road between Tampere and Rauma. Originally, it was near the coast of the Gulf of Bothnia, but the land has risen so it is now 15 kilometers from the sea. It is one of the most important Bronze Age sites in Scandinavia.

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